Prepared by John Mao (2020/03)
Editor’s Note: SP stands for “Security and Protection”, and SS for “Security and Safety”.
When we look back lots of yrs after, we may concur the conclusion that the coronavirus pandemic in 2020 is a vital turning level of world wide social and financial cases, and it appears destined destiny of human getting.
In the previous ten years, the world wide overall economy has been heading downward spiral slowly and gradually, in the loop way that “going descent – pulled up by systems and governmental financial stimulus – heading down once more – pulled up once more – “. The 2020 pandemic is a extremely significant strike to make this spherical downward heading worse.
There’re two Chinese previous saying which I believe precisely describe the real truth of human nature, the 1st is “no coffin, no tears”, the second is “ forget the pain when the wound has healed. ”.
As specific we may learn a great deal from what experienced and come to be smarter and additional rational. But as team human getting hardly ever learn the classes from their record. Countless numbers yrs of our record explain to us only just one issue: it is just a language repeater.
This pandemic is not the previous just one, it’s just a image and omen. The forthcoming occasions may much additional remarkable which will break however our imaginations about “ fantastic changes, vital crisis, and tragic disasters”. As a little start, let’s acknowledge the actuality that these virus and bacteria will stay with us eternally.
So, in our SP/SS marketplace, remarkable changes will get spot, some could be noticed now, and lots of will emerge in the around future.
Despite the fact that I am a pessimist about the future, we people today in technologies industry have to be accountable and obligate. Science and technologies has two big effects to the social advancement, the 1st just one is to be overall economy driver, the second is to solve complications prompted by other social movements or components. So to generate overall economy and to get rid of social complications are our obligation and business benefit, which we all have to undertake.
Down below discussions are all based mostly on technical degree, not include things like organization administration and advancement, cash commit, and many others., for the cause that systems and products and solutions and the actual vital foundation.
1. The extension of the scope of SP/SS
This time for the duration of and after the coronavirus pandemic, we can see and imagine some quite critical changes when we speak about what the SP/SS definitely mean, and for what scope they can be practical and supply safety.
I recommend my viewpoints on two new principles which I title as “New SP/SS”, and “Grand SP/SS”.
In conventional SP/SS programs, these as watch and surveillance, access/channel command, IT protection, as properly as protection check out, safety zone, intrusion prevention, explosion-proof, and many others., the targets of these safety programs are unauthorized, unlawful and violent behaviors of people today.
From now on, the targets and targets of a protection and safety technique, really should also include things like condition and pathogens, specifically the epidemic virus and bacteria.
Nutritious safety would also be critical to own and even technique protection, unhealthy states of specific really should be monitored, surveilled, analyzed and responded.
By including the unhealthy states surveillance and processing into the conventional protection technique, we have a new technique which I phone it the “New SP/SS”.
Lots of yrs ago, we started to title the unsafe and destructive computer system as “virus”, now it’s time to use the original this means of virus in our protection technique, is it considerably ironical?
Right here are some situations to describe what the New SP/SS capabilities will be:
- Smart surveillance and analysis technique, in addition to the original targets, will include at minimum two kinds of aspect into, the 1st variety is clinical symptoms/index these as temperature, blood strain, heart level, and so on. The second variety is some unusual behaviors linked to unhealthy states these as cough, sneeze, swipe eye routinely, hand on head (standard gesture when headache or dizziness), weak and stand-tricky, go gradual and unstable, and many others. the New SP/SS technique will also watch and analyze these behaviors and send warning or execute other actual time response.
- In transportation protection check out technique, in addition to the offensive weapon and tools, flammable and explosives check out, entire body temperature monitoring would be a ought to.
- The access command and interior surveillance of universities and some sensitive organizations require temperature check out or even easy and rapid health check out, the alternatives or devices of easy and rapid medical examination would be quite promising.
- In economic and governmental products and services home windows, lengthy distance and non-contact (even concealed) temperature monitoring technique will be commonly accepted. Built-in with metal detecting technique would be superior.
- In some shut transportation area these as ship, plane, and practice, actual time health monitoring is vital require. Linked techs and products and solutions will be common.
- Some mass-attendance cases these as restaurant, cinema and theater, stadium, temperature monitoring will absolutely be added into the surveillance technique.
What I title the “Grand SP/SS” indicates a full technique which will comprise of conventional SP/SS, furthermore safety alternatives for specific, and the community and details conversation website link the two sections. The safety alternatives for specific will be a blend of novel own protection and health safety indicates which will be explained under. In the Grand SP/SS technique, safety programs for corporation and public protection will hook up with safety programs for specific so to build up a full technique on to the 5G, significant details and cloud processing infrastructure.
The tips of New SP/SS and Grand SP/SS recommend quite a great deal calls for which really should be content, so to extend the definition and scope of conventional SP/SS thought. I imagine that these new development and new alternatives will emerge in two or 3 yrs.
two. The big problems when style New SP/SS and Grand SP/SS
As explained earlier mentioned, the Grand SP/SS include things like protections for corporation and public desire, as properly as for own protection and health. The latter is ignored by conventional SP/SS programs.
To style a New and Grand SP/SS technique, there’re two big problems. Contactless style, and lively preserving remedy for specific.
The lively own protection and health safety style may include things like the following:
- Novel and intelligent wearable gadget, machines or own products.
- The likelihood and advantage for id verification when below these safety machines and products, how to use biometrics?
- What improvements on new sensors and wearable computing CPU really should be the ought to?
- If the own preserving remedy has a actual “shell”, then how to make the details accumulating from exterior and inside of the shell? Also the details transmission in between interior and outer really should be carefully intended.
- Individual safety really should include things like the detection of the limited-distance ecosystem and warning when unsafe and hazardous states be detected.
- Crisis response and actions really should be regarded as.
Contactless systems and patterns are most critical in new and grand SP/SS programs. These kinds of as:
- Contactless sensing and check out, for case in point, contactless biometrics, contactless temperature/blood strain/heart level capturing, and unusual behaviors monitoring, or even speedy medical check out without having contact.
- Different distance for contactless patterns meet different calls for, the distance could be tens of centimeters, several meters, or tens of meters.
- Wi-fi details capture, transit and reception, in the networked technique style which blend own safety machines with the SP/SS technique.
- Rapid detection and checkup at user-finish, but connected with details heart and cloud processing (surveillance and analysis) via IoT.
- Scalable technique structure and versatile deployment.
- Hook up and details share with public/nationwide protection and public products and services, to form a complete technique.
3. Items development in New and Grand SP/SS
In the around future, new products and solutions and alternatives with the thought of new and grand SP/SS would be common, like the followings.
3.1. Surveillance and access command
Apart from the original products and solutions and structure, the new intelligent surveillance technique will also include heath states monitoring, which can be divided into two big sectors: the simple index of health states these as entire body temperature, blood strain and heart level, and many others., and some unusual behaviors which indicate a unhealthy specific, these as cough, sneeze, swipe eye routinely, hand on head (standard gesture when headache or dizziness), weak and really hard-to-stand, go gradual and unstable, and many others.
The new programs really should capture, transmit, analyze and shop all the earlier mentioned indexes and details, with all these works and details online, to build up a networked, intelligent, and all-covered surveillance technique dependable with our new and grand SP/SS thought.
Contactless capturing and monitoring systems of entire body temperature and other health states index will commonly integrated into surveillance and access/channel command programs in public spots, transportation, schooling and healthcare facility, governmental products and services, company and organizations. And these programs will are likely to share details or even processing capability in the future, to form an all-covered social protection and safety community.
Sensing and capturing systems on own health state index, and the rapid analysis and identification systems, will with each other form the so named QPC (speedy actual physical checkup) remedy and will be commonly accepted in the around future.
Those thermal imaging technique presently used in military services foundation and prisons will be upgraded, include into entire body temperature and other health states monitoring to form an progressive multifunctional technique .
Different sensors and novel analytical systems will be most critical for earlier mentioned new purposes. New sensors and analytical software program R&D will be swift rising, significant details and device studying would be their sound foundation.
3.two. Identity verification alternatives
At current most access/channel command, time attendance, IT protection and ID card purposes are all employing biometrics as id verifying systems. Biometrics will also be commonly used in the future but contactless techs would be additional aggressive. Provided the exclusive condition when the consumers have to be protected with mask, goggles, gloves and protecting garments, voice verification, iris verification and gait recognition would have additional chance.
In some unusual situations contact biometrics these as fingerprint will continue to be accepted. If it’s upgraded to have contactless processing capability it can acquire additional acceptance. For case in point, considering the fact that we have some style of tender and versatile fingerprint sensor chip and wearable processing chip, we may capture the fingerprints inside (from the interior layer of) gloves, and then transmit wirelessly to a dependable exterior verification engine, to build up a contactless and practical fingerprint verifying technique even when the user is completely medical protected (with mask, goggles, gloves, and protecting garments).
Laser projection keyboard tech provides PIN a new and contactless use likelihood. This is a practical technologies these days.
Identity verification systems used in economic and baking institutes, governmental products and services will meet new calls for and worries. Method style really should take into consideration two kinds of safety sectors which we explained earlier mentioned, solutions in opposition to riot/robbery and own health states monitoring.
Facial recognition is recent most common in these application situations, but with a mask the technique will fail. Iris and voice verification are envisioned to be commonly accepted. Of program, if we include some exclusive capabilities on to the conventional machines these as attaching UV mild gadget, or computerized brushing on to the fingerprint capture window, we can make fingerprint urgent securely. These kinds of improvement may also re-burst the legacy current market.
3.3. Security for specific
Security alternatives based mostly on own health states are practically blank in current market, after this pandemic, remarkable odds will emerge. If include into intelligent and community connecting capability, that will build up the second big component in new and grand SP/SS technique.
We forecast the following product or service traits for these improvements:
- Defending products and solutions for respiratory technique. Innovative mask/face veil/medical hood/nasal stopper (for breath purification) would be promising. The innovation of these products and solutions really should focus on convenient and at ease use, not only technical capabilities. Also these new products and solutions really should be electrical/digital and intelligent as much as possible, so to hook up to history technique community.
- Protective garments with computerized pasteurization and sterilization. Some new resources or new drugs will make this practical.
- How to use biometrics below comprehensive medical safety is a extremely significant question and challenge to the biometric marketplace. How to use or alter to use present systems, and how to produce new biometrics, will require to be content. Seize biometrics inside safety and contactless sensing are two big essential problems of R&D. Wi-fi transmission and dependable processing are critical assure.
- Complete safety gadget for specific will include things like different sensors, wearable computing, wireless conversation, exhibit, and could be custom-made.
- The complete own safety gadget really should also detect and analyze the ecosystem states (air issue, radiation, other specific nearby with unhealthy indexes, and many others.) and instantly inform.
As to own purchaser products and solutions employing biometric systems, these as cell mobile phone, intelligent lock and padlock, tablet and Pc, would not be important to use these contactless and wireless biometrics. But for these style, if some innovation can very easily raise the health safety, that will raise the current market once more. For case in point, we can use exclusive resources to make the coating of the fingerprint sensor considerably antibacterial and virus resistance.
As a summary of earlier mentioned descriptions, let’s assessment and make the following conclusions:
– Regular protection and safety technique capabilities, furthermore the new articles focused on own health states monitoring to make the technique safer and additional total, will with each other build up a new technique, I title it as “ New SP/SS”, vary from conventional SP/SS.
– Individual safety gadget and machines will make specific actual physical and medical safer. The protection and safety technique for specific would also be digital/electrical and connected wirelessly with SP/SS technique, on the infrastructure and platform of 5G, IoT, significant details and cloud processing, all these with each other compose a complete SP/SS, which I title it as “Grand SP/SS system”. The New and Grand SP/SS principles convey my big points on the evolution development of protection and safety marketplace.
– As to what we can do from this moment, research of kinds of different sensors (contactless sensing and wireless transmit chips), and additional analytical software program (for case in point, S/W on analysis of unusual behaviors appropriate to unhealthy states) advancement will be very good selections. Equipment studying will be most critical to analytical software program advancement. Of program, how to make some contact systems alter to be used contactlessly would also be significant works we can do now.